The following children's books not only provide an introduction to the lives of African-American freedom fighters your children should know about, but among them they also provide a historical overview of the fight for civil rights waged by African Americans in the last several centuries up to the present, including the eras of slavery and the civil rights movement. All would be enhanced by family or classroom discussion about them.
1. Portraits of African-American Heroes
This fascinating book combines dramatic portraits by Ansel Pitcairn with profiles of 20 African-American men and women, written by Tonya Bolden. There are a number of similar books that concentrate on the nineteenth century. Portraits of African-American Heroes is unusual because, while it includes profiles of remarkable African-American men and women of the nineteenth century, it also includes notables from the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. I recommend the book for mature seven years old through high school age. The publisher is Puffin and the ISBN is 9780142404737. Compare prices. Read my review of Portraits of African-American Heroes.
2. Let It Shine: Stories of Black Women Freedom Fighters
Andrea Davis Pinkney's award-winning book is written for 9-12 year olds. It presents the dramatic stories of 10 women, including Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, Mary McLeod Bethune, Ella Josephine Baker, Rosa Parks, and Shirley Chisholm. The first page of each biography faces a stunning portrait, with striking allegorical images, by artist Stephen Alcorn. Compare prices. (Harcourt, 2000. ISBN: 015201005X) Read my review of Let It Shine: Stories of Black Women Freedom Fighters.
3. Freedom on the Menu: The Greensboro Sit-Ins
The narrator of Freedom on the Menu: The Greensboro Sit-Ins is a young African American girl named Connie. At the beginning of 1960 in Greensboro, North Carolina, as in other parts of the country, there are still many places that serve "whites only." When four African American college students stage a sit-in at the Woolworth's lunch counter seeking to be served like other customers, Connie's older brother and sister join the sit-ins and she helps make posters for the protesters. The book, by Carole Boston Weatherford, tells the story of life in Greensboro prior to the February 1, 1960 sit-in and the protests and changes that came as a result of the months-long sit-ins. (Puffin Books, Penguin Group, 2005. ISBN: 9780142408940) Compare prices. Read my review of Freedom on the Menu: The Greensboro Sit-Ins.
4. Martin's Big Words
Hyperion Books for Children
This large picture book biography of Martin Luther King, Jr. was written by Doreen Rappaport, with dramatic and moving cut paper collage and watercolor artwork by Bryan Collier. Quotations by the civil rights leader are highlighted throughout the book, which also includes helpful author's and illustrator's notes, a timeline, and other resources. (Jump at the Sun, Hyperion Books, 2001. ISBN: 9780786807147) Compare prices. Read my review of Martin's Big Words: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr..
5. I Have a Dream
Artwork by Kadir Nelson accompanies some of the text of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s eloquent 1963 "I have a dream" speech. The end of the picture book includes the entire text of the speech and a CD of Dr. King's speech. The publisher is Schwartz & Wade Books, an imprint of Random House. 2012. The ISBN for the book, which was published in 2012, is 9780375858871. Compare prices
. Read my review of I Have a Dream
6. Through My Eyes
Escorted by federal marshals, a six year old girl became the first African American student to integrate an all-white school in New Orleans in 1960. Ruby Bridges' "Through My Eyes" was edited by Margo Lundell and provides a very personal view of a moment in history. The well-designed, 60-page book includes compelling photographs and related documents. (Scholastic, 1999. ISBN: 9780590189231) Compare prices
7. Ida B. Wells, Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
Written by Judith Bloom Fradin and Dennis B. Fradin, this book is for children 11 and up. Ida B. Wells, who was born in 1862, fought a national campaign against lynching. Her story is a fascinating one. Her work as a journalist and civil rights activist is examined in the 200 page book. The text is enhanced with historical photographs. (Houghton Mifflin, 2000. ISBN: 0395898986) Compare prices
8. The Bus Ride That Changed History: The Story of Rosa Parks
This informational picture book by Pamela Duncan Edwards provides an introduction to Rosa Parks' life in Alabama when it was a "Jim Crow" state with strict rules segregating people by race. The artwork by Danny Shanahan - large pen and watercolor illustrations and small sketches of several children who help to narrate and clarify the text - add to the readers' understanding. The repetition of "...because one woman was brave" underscores Parks' impact. (Houghton Mifflin, 2005. ISBN: 0618449116) Compare prices
9. Delivering Justice: W.W. Law and the Fight for Civil Rights
Heeding his grandmothers advice to be someone, W.W. Law not only delivered the mail as a U.S. postman, he also delivered justice, leading the successful effort to end segregation in Savannah, Georgia. Full page illustrations by artist Benny Andrews face each page of text by Jim Haskins and add to the dramatic impact. At books end, theres a photograph of W.W. Law and more information about his fight for civil rights. (Candlewick Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780763625924) Compare prices